Hot Mix Asphalt
Hot mix asphalt (HMA) consists of a combination of aggregate uniformly mixed and coated with asphalt cement. To dry the aggregates and to obtain sufficient fluidity of asphalt cement for proper mixing and workability, both the aggregate and asphalt must be heated prior to mixing—hence the term “hot mix.”
Aggregates and asphalt are combined in a mixing facility in which all of the constituent materials are heated, proportioned and mixed to produce the desired paving mixture. After plant mixing is complete, the hot mix is transported to the paving site and spread with a paving machine in a loosely compacted layer to a uniform, even surface. While the paving mixture is still hot, the material is further compacted by heavy motor-driven rollers to produce a smooth, well-consolidated pavement layer.
Hot mix asphalt paving mixtures may be produced from a wide range of aggregate combinations, each having its own particular characteristics suited to specific design and construction uses. In addition to the amount and grade of asphalt used, the principal characterises of the mix are determined by the relative amounts of course aggregate, fine aggregate and mineral filler.
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